Conditions A-Z l DetailCardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathy (literally "heart muscle disease") is the measurable deterioration of the function of the myocardium (the heart muscle) for any reason, usually leading to heart failure.
The heart is such a vital organ that anything that damages or changes its structure will affect its ability to function effectively. The three different types of cardiomyopathy do just that, causing various problems for those people affected.It is suggested that cardiopathy may be a cause of sudden adult cardiac death.
What are the Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy
Symptoms include tiredness and shortness of breath while exercising or resting. People with the condition may also have heart palpitations and notice their ankles becoming swollen.
Although it's not entirely clear why people develop DCM, there are a number possible reasons. It may follow a viral or other infection of the heart or be part of an autoimmune process where for an unknown reason the body attacks itself. Certainly, alcohol and drug misuse can cause the problem and in some cases it runs in families.
Most people with symptoms related to problems with their heart function will have an electrocardiogram, chest x-ray and echocardiogram, which allows the structure and function of the heart to be studied. From these tests, the diagnosis of cardiomyopathy is made.
Medication to help the heart work better and so relieve the symptoms tends to work well for many people. Those with HCM are sometimes offered surgery to remove parts of the thickened heart muscle.
When the symptoms of cardiomyopathy aren't well controlled by medication and a person's quality of life is affected, heart transplantation may be considered.
Nutrition may play a role in some forms of cardiomyopathy. Niacin deficiency , thiamin deficiency and protein deficiency as well as deficiency in calcium and magnesium are examples of nutritional deficiencies that can cause cardiomyopathy.
Reduce the intake of salt.
Shortages of nutrients such as selenium and vitamin E may make the heart vulnerable to damage.