Life coaching is a practice of assisting clients to determine and achieve personal goals. A coach will use a variety of methods, tailored to the client, to move through the process of setting and reaching goals. Coaching is not targeted at psychological illness, and coaches are not therapists (although therapists may be coaches).
With roots in executive coaching, which itself drew on techniques developed in management consulting and leadership training, life coaching also draws from a wide variety of disciplines, including sociology, psychology, career counselling, mentoring, and numerous other types of counselling. The coach applies mentoring, values assessment, behaviour modification, behaviour modelling, goal-setting, and other techniques in assisting clients. Coaches are to be distinguished from counsellors, whether counsellors in psychotherapy or other careers.